It is one of the most common diseases which may cause death.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is high blood glucose level which may be due to abnormal insulin level. It is a hormone produced by certain cells in the pancreas. It regulates blood glucose level and body's metabolism. It allows glucose to enter cells and produce energy.
Types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes
It is also called juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes. This type occurs due to genetic cause, some viruses or an autoimmune disease, when the body attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas, and a defect occurs, causing type 1 diabetes, which is most common in childhood and adolescence.
Type 2 diabetes
It is caused by the resistance of the body’s cells to insulin itself and the weakening of the pancreas’s ability to produce enough insulin, so the insulin loses its ability to transport sugar from the blood to cells, and this type is more common for old ages (over 40 years old).
Type 3 diabetes
Gestational diabetes which is caused by changing hormones during pregnancy, and this type often cures right after birth.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
1- Increase of blood glucose level to 160-180 mg/dl.
2- Increased frequency of urination.
3- Feeling thirsty more than usual.
4- Losing weight.
5- Feeling fatigue.
Diagnosis of diabetes:
Doing some blood examination tests: fasting blood sugar test, postprandial blood sugar test or Random test.
You can use home blood glucose devices to measure your blood glucose level.
Treatment of diabetes:
1- Following a healthy diet and lifestyle.
2- Doing daily exercises.
3- Taking medications prescribed by the doctor.
- February 2022