Monkeypox Virus symptoms, transmission, treatment

Monkeypox Virus symptoms, transmission, treatment

Palm rashes and vesicles, are symptoms that have recently been threatening the world. Do you know what is monkeypox disease is and if it has spread to Egypt?


Monkeypox symptoms

The symptoms of monkeypox cases do not appear immediately; in some cases, there is an incubation period might last from (5) days to (21) days.

Initially, monkey pox is characterised by enlargement of the lymph nodes that is a distinct symptom from other viral infections, including the common symptoms of fever, headaches, and muscle weakness.

After then, the rashes start spreading across the entire body.


Monkeypox symptoms can be summarised in numerous ways:

  1. Headache.
  2. High body temperature or a fever. Shop now to get thermometers.
  3. Achy muscles, a weakened body, and diminished stamina and functionality are just a few of the symptoms people experience when they are ill.
  4. Enlargement of lymph nodes.
  5. Skin fluidity vesicle formation and painful rashes.

Areas of The body that are covered with rashes caused by the monkeypox virus.

  1. 95%, rashes appear on the face.
  2. In 75% of instances, rashes form on the palms and soles of the feet.
  3. In 70% of cases, the mucosal membranes of the mouth produce these vesicles.
  4. Only a limited number of cases have been recorded with rashes in the genitals and anus, and only around 30% of these cases are infected.
  5. 5% percent of residents have conjunctival and corneal rashes.


How do these skin infections look?

Flat red areas on the skin first appear as rashes, followed by vesicles packed with liquid and finally drying out to create crusts.


Because of this, everyone is wondering: how does this infection happen?

Various means of dissemination

1- Direct contact with the skin rashes.

2- Usage of personal items of infected person like a pad, spoon, and fork.

3 - The patient's spray when coughing, sneezing, or being very close to the patient.

4- Many other animals, such as squirrels and rats, can spread these illnesses to humans, especially in African countries. Transmission is not confined to monkeys.

5- According to the World Health Organization's most recent statement, the disease is more prevalent among gay males and bisexuals.


Diagnosis of monkeypox disease

Clinical examination of the patient's symptoms is used to make a diagnosis. There are several conditions that cause skin rashes, including hydrothermal and allergic reactions caused by taking certain drugs.

Nevertheless, lymph node enlargement is the distinguishing feature of monkeypox from other pox species, as well as PCR analysis can be used to differentiate between the two diseases.

Over 16,000 cases of monkeypox virus have been reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) in over 75 countries across Europe, North and South America, the Middle East, and new sections of Africa, South Asia, and Australia. The WHO has recognized Europe as a high-risk area for monkey pox outbreaks.


Monkeypox prevention

  1. Isolate the patient and avoid direct contact with him.
  2. Wear masks to prevent the spray from coming from an infected person.
  3. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and alcohol after coming into contact with an infected person.
  4. Animals associated with patients are isolated.


Monkeypox transmission, Who is most susceptible to monkeypox?

According to the Ministry of Health, the disease is common among bisexual people in European countries, but it also affects those who are suffer from immunosuppression, they are the most vulnerable group.


MonkeyPox treatment

Recovery occurs automatically in 14 to 21 days, and to reassure the reader, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Health stated that, despite a large number of cases in Europe, no deaths from the virus have been recorded.

Treatment also prioritizes patient comfort by providing fruit and vegetable-rich integrated fluids and foods, as well as immune-boosting supplements. Based on data from animal and human studies, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that the European Drug Agency licensed tecovirimat, an antiviral drug developed initially for monkeypox, It is, however, not yet widely available.

If the drug is used to treat patients, it should be optimally monitored in the context of clinical research through proactive data collection.


Is there evidence of monkeypox disease in Egypt?

According to an Egyptian Ministry of Health spokesperson, the ability of the virus to spread in the Middle East is still low, and no confirmed cases have been detected in Egypt thus far.


Is monkeypox dangerous?

No, the morbidity rate according to this disease is very rare; however, the evidence of infection spread is very high.



Vaccination against the virus that causes monkeypox

In a statement issued by the European Medicines Agency (EMA), the Danish biotech company BAVA.CO announced that the European Commission had granted it permission to market the Imvanex vaccine for the prevention of monkeypox and that the vaccine would be marketed as Jynneos rather than Imvanex in the United States. As a result, it is the only vaccine approved to prevent the disease.


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